Gout is a form of arthritis, a very painful one, which is caused by excess uric
acid build up in the body. Oftentimes, crystal deposits form in the joints.
These deposits are referred to as tophi, which cause what appear to be lumps
under the skin. Uric acid crystals can also build up in the kidneys, as well.
There are several options for treating gout. The most important thing to
remember is that reducing the inflammation in the joints is key, as well as
determining what long-term management works best. The most effective form of
prevention of gout requires fluid intake, weight loss, dietary changes,
discontinued use of alcohol, and possibly medications to lower uric acid levels
in the blood. There are several medications available to help reduce
inflammation, such as NSAIDs or colchine, and there are many dietary changes
that can be made to aid in lowering uric acid levels in the body.
are certain benefits to using NSAIDs; however, they are usually prescribed on a
short-term basis. They work well to reduce uric acid levels, but there are many
side effects to take into consideration. It has been determined that the use of
NSAIDs can cause serious gastrointestinal issues, such as ulcers or bleeding,
and it has, on occasion, been determined to damage the stomach lining, as well
as the upper intestines. There have also been issues with heart failure if not
taken properly. Most NSAIDs are prescribed at a low dose to limit the amount of
A dietary lifestlye change can also be very beneficial.
Purine chemicals turn into uric acid. Therefore, omitting purine-rich foods from
the diet can reduce the chance of uric acid building up. These foods include
meat, eggs, certain fish, sugar, coffee, tea, products made from wheat flour,
canned food, or processed food. A diet rich in dairy products helps reduce the
risk of a flare-up, and as unusual as it sounds, it has been found that
purine-rich vegetables are not associated to increased risk of uric acid
One of the biggest considerations in treating gout is weight
loss. Combined with healthy aerobic exercise, weight loss can be very helpful in
lowering the risk of gout attacks.
Home remedies have become a good
source for lowering the risk of gout attacks, whether they are used alone or in
conjunction with medication. Applying a hemorrhoid cream to the painful joints
can often reduce the inflammation. Citric acid is a solvent of uric acid and
some people find that increased amounts of vitamin C are effective in preventing
and curing sore joints, as it strengthens the surrounding tissue of the joint.
There are many fruits and vegetables high in vitamin C from which to choose,
whether it be in whole or juice form.
In the event of a gout attack, it
is important to rest. The affected joint(s) should be elevated. Ice packs or
cold compresses can aid in reducing inflammation, and all stress to the body
should be eliminated.